Ukusetshenziswa okungavikeleki kwevidiyo eku-inthanethi

I-porn ilimaza imvelo

I-porn ilimaza imvelo. Ama-akhawuntini abukwa umhlaba wonke ngezithombe ezingcolile ze-0.2% yazo zonke izinto ezikhipha igesi yendlu eluhlaza. Lokho kungahle kungazwakali njengokuningi, kepha lokhu kulingana Amathani ayizigidi ezingama-80 wekhabhoni, noma okukhishwa yiyo yonke imizi eFrance.

NgoJulayi 2019 iqembu eliholwa nguMaxime Efoui-Hess ku-The Shift Project eParis lashicilela umsebenzi wokuqala omkhulu obheka ukusetshenziswa kwegesi kwe-inthanethi. Benze ucwaningo olunemininingwane kagesi osetshenziswa ukuletha amavidiyo angcolile kubathengi. I-Reward Foundation yasiza ukuletha le ndaba emhlabeni ngoJulayi 2019.

Ngakho-ke, batholani?

Amavidiyo wezocansi okuku-inthanethi abonisa i-27% yamavidiyo aku-inthanethi, i-16% yokugeleza ngokuphelele kwemininingwane kanye ne-5% yokuqhamuka kwamagesi eGreenhouse ngenxa yobuchwepheshe bedijithali.

I-Porn ilimaza imvelo Iphrojekthi ye-Shift

Ukubuka izithombe zocansi kungumthelela obalulekile, olinganiselayo ekushintsheni kwesimo sezulu. Manje manje singacabangisisa kahle ngombuzo…. "Ingabe ukubuka izithombe ezingcolile kufanelekile?"

Le vidiyo ifingqa impendulo ye-Shift Project… Le vidiyo, ngokwayo ekhipha amagesi abamba ukushisa (isilinganiso samanani amancane engaphansi kwama-10 amagremu we-CO2 ngokubuka), ihloselwe umphakathi jikelele. Ihlose ukwenza umthelela wezemvelo wobuchwepheshe bedijithali ubonakale, kanti awubonakali nsuku zonke. Ividiyo futhi iveza imiphumela yokusetshenziswa kwedijithali ekushintsheni kwesimo sezulu nasekunciphiseni kwezinsiza.

Icala eliwusizo: Izithombe zocansi

Okokuqala, ake sibheke umbono wephrojekthi ye-Shift yesithombe esikhulu.

Ukubukwa kwevidiyo eku-inthanethi kufanekisela i-60% yomgwaqo emhlabeni. Ngesikhathi se-2018 ikhiqize ngaphezu kwe-300 Mt ye-CO2. Isibonelo, lokho kuwukuphawulwa kwekhabhoni okuqhathaniswa nokukhishwa okwenziwa minyaka yonke kweSpain.

izithombe zocansi 27%
Ukusatshalaliswa kwedatha ye-inthanethi kugeleza phakathi kokusetshenziswa okuhlukile ku-2018 emhlabeni
(Umthombo Iphrojekthi ye-Shift 2019)

Indaba yomthelela wobudlelwano bezithombe zocansi obonakalayo ingukubonakaliswa okubalulekile kwengxabano efaka impikiswano mayelana namandla okusetshenziswa ngezinga lomphakathi. Inkulumompikiswano eye yahlala ibhekwe ngababambe iqhaza abahlukahlukene amashumishumi eminyaka, ubulili bezithombe zocansi bekuludaba lwezifundo eziningi zenhlalo okuhloswe ngazo ukuqonda imiphumela yazo. I-boom yamapulatifomu amasha asakaza okuqukethwe okungcolile (i-Gauthier, 2018), iguqule ukusetshenziswa kwezithombe zocansi ngokufinyeleleka kunoma iyiphi i-smartphone, kufaka phakathi izingane nentsha, elula futhi mahhala.

Ukubukwa kochwepheshe

Indlela yethu bekungukuletha ndawonye imibono yabachwepheshe ngemiphumela yezenhlalo ekhonjwe kwevidiyo ye-inthanethi yezocansi. Ngokusobala, inhloso akukhona ukwenza sengathi kufingqiwe ngezigaba ezimbalwa ukuxaka kwenkulumompikiswano ethathe iminyaka eminingana. Esikhundleni salokho kufaka ukusungula imibuzo ephakanyiswe wukuhlola ubuchule bokusebenzisa okuhlukile ukubona ukuthi i-porn ilimaza imvelo.

Okuqashelwayo okuqokonyiswe lapha akuhlobene nokuhlinzeka kobufakazi bokuthi umphumela wokungabi nalutho ukhona noma cha. Kodwa-ke, bavumela ukucatshangelwa kwezindlela zokuthatha izinqumo zezepolitiki ezibheka ubungozi obuxhumene nale miphumela yobandlululo.

Imithelela yomphakathi yokusakaza nokwamukela okuqukethwe kwevidiyo yobulili ezingcolile

Enye yezinkinga ezishiwo maqondana nemiphumela yokudla izithombe zobulili ezingcolile ezingeni lomphakathi yinto eyenzeka ngokuguquguquka kwezinkambiso. Isimo siye sabonwa ekukhuphukeni kodlame kokuqukethwe okubukwayo. Lokhu kuholela emiphumeleni eyingozi ebulilini bomuntu ngamunye kanye nemibono yabo yobudlelwano bomzimba, kufaka phakathi ukusetshenziswa ngezikhathi ezithile (Solano, 2018; Muracciole, 2019). Le nto igqugquzelwa ukutholakala kwazo zonke izinhlobo zokuqukethwe kwezithombe zocansi - kufaka phakathi okunodlame kakhulu - okuhlinzekwa ukuqala kwezingxenyekazi zevidiyo ezizinikezele online (Gauthier, 2018).

I-logo ye-Shift Project
Ukusakaza ngaphezulu kwe-inthanethi

Umthelela wokuthi indlela yokusakaza yohlobo lwe-Tube yokuqukethwe kwevidiyo yobulili engcolile ingaba nengqinamba esikalini somphakathi wethu. Okuqukethwe kusetshenziselwa isisekelo sokuhlukaniswa “okulebhalwe” kumthengi (indima yamagama asemqoka), kususelwa kwimodeli esetshenziselwa ukufakwa kwemikhiqizo yamasiko emphakathini jikelele. Kodwa-ke, lokhuhlukaniswa ngezigaba kungenzeka kuphela ngokuma kokuqukethwe ngokwako futhi, ngenxa yesimo somkhiqizo ongcolile, ngokuma kwabalingiswa nezimo ezethuliwe, ngoba isigaba ngasinye kufanele sakhiwe ngokuya ngezinxa ezaziwayo kalula. Ngokuphathelene nokumiswa kwabantu abamele kanye nobudlelwane nabantu, ochwepheshe kulokhu bakubonisa ukuthi kuyaphakamisa umbuzo weqhaza elidlalwa ngokuqukethwe kwezithombe zocansi ekuchazeni ama-caricature ezenhlalo nokubonakaliswa kokungalingani kwezethulo (Muracciole, 2019).

Ukulethwa kwamavidiyo kusho zonke izinto ezingcolile zilimaza imvelo

Ukwazisa umthelela womphakathi wokusetshenziswa kwevidiyo ezocansi, kuyadingeka ukufaka zonke izinhlobo zokuqukethwe esibonelweni sethu, ikakhulukazi lezo abathi ziyazibophezela nokunye (izithombe zobulili ezingcolile ezithi zingabesifazane, zikhuthaza ukwehluka, okuqukethwe okungakhombisi noma yikuphi ukumelwa okubandlululayo lo mbhangqwana, njll.). Umbuzo wokuhlolwa okuqondile kwemiphumela ezuzisayo yalezi zindlela ezihlukile uwela ngaphaya kwesilinganiso salo mbiko lapho unquma ukuthi ngabe i-porn ilimaza imvelo.

Esikhundleni salokho, sigcizelela isidingo sokucabanga ngomphumela wokusakazwa kwezisebenzi zezinguquko zokushayela kokushintshashintsha kokusetshenziswa: amavolumu wokuqukethwe enziwe etholakala ngamapulatifomu e-inthanethi makhulu ngokwanele ukuthonya ukuthambekela kokuvela kokusetshenziswa kwezinto ngezinga elikhulu. Ngakho-ke kuyadingeka ukuqonda indima edlalwe ukwakhiwa kwamapulatifomu nokuthola iphuzu lapho imodeli ebanzi - okuqukethwe kwezimboni okumile - kunika ithuba lokunye okuqukethwe okungavela (Vaton, 2018).

Imithelela yomphakathi ekukhiqizweni kokuqukethwe kwevidiyo yobulili engcolile

Njengakho konke ukusetshenziswa kwevidiyo, isigaba sokukhiqizwa kokuqukethwe sixhumene nalezo zokusakaza nokwamukela. Isibonelo, ukubonwa okwenziwe ekushintsheni okujwayelekile mayelana nodlame lokuqukethwe okubukwayo kunomthelela ekwenziweni kokuqukethwe. Ukwanda kobudlova bemikhuba ebukelwa umthengi kuholela ekwandeni kodlame emikhubeni ngesikhathi sokudutshulwa kwamavidiyo namafilimu. Umbuzo wodlame olubekezelelwa kulezi zinqubo zokukhiqiza ngaphansi kohlaka olusemthethweni luye luphakanyiswe ababambiqhaza kwinkulumompikiswano (iMuracciole, 2019).

Amapulatifomu amasha okusakaza avumela ukukhiqizwa nokwabelana kokuqukethwe ngabantu abazimele ezindlini ezizimele. Lokhu okungenzeka kubamba iqhaza ngokwezinga elithile kusihlukaniso sezethulo ngokuya ngaphandle kohlaka olujwayelekile lomkhakha wezithombe zocansi. Kubalulekile nokho ukungabaza ukuthi kungenzeka ukwabiwa kabusha kwangempela ngabantu abazimele kokuqukethwe kanye nezethulo emakethe kubuswa amaqembu ezimboni asendaweni.

Ukwakhiwa kwezithombe zocansi

U-Catherine Solano, udokotela wobulili, uqaphele "iminyaka eminingana, ukuthi ingxenye enkulu yamadoda, ukushaya indlwabu kuhlukaniswa kuzithombe zocansi" (Solano, 2018). Ukusetshenziswa kwezithombe zobulili ezingcolile futhi ngaleyondlela ukubonwa kwamavidiyo ezingcolile akwi-inthanethi manje sekuhambisana nokusetshenziswa okulawulwa ngamasu wokuqonda okuzenzakalelayo, okuvumela ukwenza imali ngendlela efanele kwemikhiqizo ehlongozwayo. Namuhla, ukuthuthukiswa komnotho kokubuka ama-video ezithombe zocansi eziku-inthanethi ngakho-ke kwakhelwe kwi-amalgam yokuqonda okuvela kwimikhuba yokuthengisa yomkhakha: ukuhlangana kokusebenzisa izithombe zobulili ezingcolile kanye nesenzo somzimba ngokocansi (Roussilhe, 2019).

Umphumela we-Trigger

Ukubona umzimba onqunu kusebenze ukusabela kokuzenzakalelayo kokuqala ebuchosheni okuvuselela isithakazelo okuxhumene nokukhombisa okuguqukayo kungenzeka kokutholwa (Solano, 2018). Njengoba sazi ukuthi amasu ethu wokucabanga aphatha i-bias, ebizwa nge- "trigger effect", eyenza i-inertia kwinqubo yethu yokucabanga30 (Marcinkowski, 2019), singakuqonda ukuthi ucansi lokuqukethwe komphakathi jikelele lwethula ukusetshenziswa kwezithombe zocansi ngaphakathi kwendlela ebanzi ithonya: kuvezwe okuqukethwe ngocansi komphakathi jikelele (ukukhangisa, iziqeshana zevidiyo, njll.), abantu bazithola besesimweni sokucela okuqhubekayo kwezindawo ubuchopho babo ezixhumene nesifiso somzimba. Lokhu-ke kuzofaka amandla ukusetshenziswa okwenziwe ngumuntu ngaphakathi kohlobo olufanayo lokucela usizo, kufaka phakathi ukusetshenziswa kwezocansi (i-Roussilhe, i-2019) ezenziwa ngokuzikhethela ngamapulatifomu okusakaza online, isihloko salokhu kuhlaziywa.

Ngakho-ke, siyabona, futhi, ukuthi lokhu kusebenza kwakhiwa ngokuya ngengxenye ehlanganisiwe engenakushaywa indiva: ukwakhiwa kwesistimu edlulisa imininingwane ngezinga elikhulu kubamba iqhaza ngokugcwele encazelweni yokusetshenziswa kwamavidiyo ezingcolile online. Manje sinendlela yokubonisa ukuthi i-porn ilimaza imvelo.

Okubhekwayo

IGauthier, UG (2018). L'ère du porno. Les Hors-Série de L'OBS. n ° 100. Novemba. 2018.

UMarcinkowski, J. (2019, 20 mars). I-Caractérisation, ukwakhiwa kanye nokwenziwa kabusha kungenzeka kusebenze. (UM. Efoui-Hess, Isiphenyi)

UMuracciole, uM. (2019, 22 mars). La pornogaphie dans les usages vidéo en ligne. (UM. Efoui-Hess, Isiphenyi)

I-Roussilhe, G. (2019). I-Caractérisation, ukwakhiwa kanye nokwenziwa kabusha kungenzeka kusebenze. (UM. Efoui-Hess, Isiphenyi)

USolano, C. (2018, Novemba.). Malades du porno. L'ère du porno. Les Hors-Série de L'OBS. n ° 100, iphe. 90-93.

I-Vaton, M. (2018, Novemba.). Entretien avec Ovidie. L'ère du porno. Les Hors-Série de L'OBS. n ° 100, iphe. 76-79.

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