Ubuchopho bukhula eGogtay et al 2004

Ubuchopho obusha

Inkathi yokukhula iqala cishe nge-10 eminyakeni eyi-12 lapho kuqala ukukhulelwa futhi iqhubeka kuze kube seminyaka eyi-25. Kuwusizo ukuqonda ukuthi ubuchopho bentsha buyisimo somzimba, ngendlela ehlukile futhi ehlukile ngokuhlukile kweyomntwana noma yomuntu omdala. Uhlelo lokuxuba luqhubekela phambili ekuzileni kwethu ngokufika kwamahomoni ocansi ngesikhathi sokukhulelwa. Yilapho ukunakekelwa kwengane kuvela kumadoli futhi kugijima izimoto kuze kube yilapho inombolo yemvelo ibaluleke kuqala, ukukhiqiza. Ngakho uqala ukulangazela okujulile kwentsha mayelana nobulili nokuthi ungathola kanjani okuhlangenwe nakho kwalo.

Inkulumo elandelayo ye-TED (amaminithi angu-14) yocwaningo lokuzizwa kwengqondo uProfesa Sarah Jayne Blakemore obizwa ngokuthi ukusebenza okuyisimangaliso kwengqondo yobudala, uchaza ukuthuthukiswa kobuchopho obuseminyakeni yobudala. Kodwa akhulumi ngobulili, izithombe zobulili ezingcolile ziyasebenzisa noma imiphumela yayo. Izindaba ezinhle ukuthi lokhu kuhle kakhulu isethulo (Ama-50 amaminithi) akwenzayo. Kungumprofesa we-neuroscience ku-National Institute of Drugs e-US futhi uchaza ukuthi isisindo esinobuthi njengotshwala noma izidakamizwa nezinqubo ezifana nokudlala, izithombe zobulili ezingcolile kanye nokugembula kungadambisa ubuchopho bentsha.

Lokhu kuhle kakhulu podcast (Ama-56 amaminithi) ngu-Gary Wilson ukhuluma ngokuqondile nokuthi izithombe zobulili ezingcolile ze-internet zibeka kanjani ubuchopho obusha. Uchaza umehluko phakathi kokushaya indlwabu nokusetshenziswa kocansi.

Intsha iyinkathi yokufunda ngokushesha. Kuyinto lapho siqala ukuqala ukuthola okuhlangenwe nakho okusha namakhono esiwadingayo ukuze sibe abantu abadala ngokulungiselela ukushiya isidleke. Umqondo ngamunye uhlukile, wadalwa futhi uhlotshaniswa nokufunda kwawo.

Ukufunda okusheshayo kwenzeke njengoba ubuchopho buhlanganisa uhlelo lokuvuza ngokuxhumanisa izifunda zomzimba zihlala ezinkumbulweni zethu nemicabango yethu kakhulu kwi-prefrontal cortex, indawo enesibopho sokuzithiba, ukucabanga okucabangelayo, ukucabanga nokuhlela isikhathi eside. Ibuye ijubane ukuxhumana phakathi kwalezi zingxenye ezihlukene ngokugqoka imigwaqo ye-neural esetshenzisiwe kunazo zonke ngegama elimhlophe elibizwa ngokuthi i-myelin.

Ngemuva kwesikhathi sokuhlanganiswa nokuhlelwa kabusha, ubuchopho besilisa buyiphonsa emuva ama-neurons angasetshenzisiwe kanye nokuxhumana okungenzeka kungashiya izindlela eziqinile ezihlanganiswe nakho okuphindaphindiwe nomkhuba. Ngakho-ke noma ngabe izingane zakho ezisencane zichitha isikhathi esiningi zodwa kwi-intanethi, noma zixubana nabanye abantu abasha, ukufunda, ukufunda umculo noma ukudlala imidlalo, izindlela ezizisebenzisa kakhulu ziyoba nemigwaqo emikhulu esheshayo ngesikhathi bebadala.

Kusencane, isifiso sokuthakazelisa sisezingeni eliphezulu. Ubuchopho bentsha bukhiqiza i-dopamine engaphezulu futhi bayakukhathalela kakhulu, bewashayela ukuhlola imivuzo emisha bese bethatha izingozi. I-dopamine eyengeziwe isiza ukuhlanganisa nokuqinisa lezo zindlela ezintsha.

Ngokwesibonelo, banokubekezelelana okungaphezu kwe-gory, okwesabisayo, okunezinyathelo ezenziwe, amafilimu e-horror ayoba nabantu abaningi abadala abagijima ukuyofihla. Abakwazi ukuthola okwanele kubo. Ukuthatha ingozi kuyinxenye engokwemvelo yentuthuko yabo, njengemingcele yokuhlola, igunya eliyinselele, ukufakazela ukuthi iyini. Yilokho okukhulunywa ngakho kwentsha. Bayazi ukuthi ukuphuza, ukuphuza izidakamizwa, ukulala ngokobulili okungavimbelwe nokulwa kungase kube yingozi, kodwa umvuzo wokuthakazelisa 'manje' unamandla kunokukhathazeka ngemiphumela yamuva.

Inselelo lapha wonke umuntu osebenzisana nentsha yanamuhla ukuthi ingqondo yengane isengozini enkulu yokugula kwengqondo kuhlanganise nokulutha, ikakhulukazi izidakamizwa ze-intanethi. Ukuba nomlutha owodwa kungadala ukucinga kwezinye izinto nezinto ezigcina i-dopamine ekhulayo. Ngakho-ke izidakamizwa eziphambene nezidakamizwa zijwayele kakhulu-i-nicotine, utshwala, izidakamizwa, i-caffeine, izithombe zobulili ezingcolile ze-intanethi, ukugembula nokugembula, isibonelo, konke ukucindezela uhlelo nokukhiqiza imiphumela engapheli yesikhathi eside sempilo yengqondo nengokwenyama.

Ukuphila Okwamanje - Ukunciphisa Ukuncishiswa

Kungani kunjalo? Ngoba i-lobes yangaphambili eyenziwa ngokuthi 'amabhuleki' ekuziphatheni okuyingozi ayitholakali futhi ikusasa lide isikhathi eside. Lokhu kwaziwa ngokuthi ukuphuza ukuphuza - ukhetha ukuzithokozisa ngokushesha kumvuzo esikhathini esizayo, ngisho noma kamuva kungcono. Ukucwaninga okubalulekile kwamuva kubonise ukuthi izithombe zobulili ezingcolile ze-intanethi zizisebenzisa ngokwayo zikhiqiza amazinga aphezulu ukuphuza ukuphumula. Lokhu kufanele kube ukukhathazeka kwangempela kubazali nothisha. Nasi okuwusizo esihlokweni kule ndaba ekhuluma ngokucwaninga okusha. Isihloko esiphelele siyatholakala lapha. Ngamafuphi, abasebenzisi be-porn abashiya ukusetshenziswa kwe-porn ngisho namasonto angu-3 kuphela bathola ukuthi bangakwazi ukulibazisa ukuzithokozisa kunezifundo ezingazange zibe khona. Ukukwazi ukulibazisa ukuzithokozisa kuyinto ikhono lokuphila eliyisisekelo elibuthakathaka ukusetshenziswa kwezithombe ezingcolile futhi lingase libhekelele imiphumela yokuhlolwa empofu, ukukhiqiza okuncane kanye nokwehla okujwayelekile okutholakala ngabasebenzisi abaningi bezithombe ezingcolile. Izindaba ezinhle ukuthi lokhu kubonakala kuguquke ngokuhamba kwesikhathi lapho abasebenzisi beyeka izithombe zobulili ezingcolile. Bheka lapha ukuze uthole izibonelo zokuzibika kwakho izindaba zokutakula.

Lapho siba ngabantu abadala, nakuba ubuchopho buqhubeka nokufunda, akwenzi lokho ngezinga elisheshayo elinjalo. Yingakho lokho esikhetha ukukufunda ebusheni bethu kubaluleke kakhulu empilweni yethu yesikhathi esizayo. Iwindi lithuba lokufundela okujulile lincipha ngemva kwalesi sikhathi esikhethekile sokukhula.

I-Brain Enempilo i-Brain Integrated

Ingqondo enempilo ingubuchopho obuhlanganisiwe, obukwazi ukulinganisa imiphumela nokwenza izinqumo ngokusekelwe ngenhloso. Kungabeka umgomo futhi uwufinyelele. Inamandla okucindezeleka. Kungaba nemikhuba engafundile engasayisebenzisi eyodwa. Yakha futhi ikwazi ukufunda amakhono amasha nemikhuba emisha. Uma sisebenzela ukuthuthukisa ubuchopho obuhlanganisiwe obuphilile, sandisa futhi sakha umbono wethu, siphumelela, sibona okwenzekayo esiseduze nathi futhi sibhekene nezidingo zabanye. Siyajabula, sijabulele ukuphila futhi sifinyelele amandla ethu eqiniso.

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